Retreating South West Monsoon In India

December and January are the coldest months in the northern plain. Southwest monsoon June to September when predominating southwest maritime winds bring rains to most of the country and retreating monsoon during October and November Population and Culture: India with its 1. It has also signalled a significant possibility of a deficit. Thus these winds withdraw earlier from the regions they reached the last. This retreating wind also known as ‘north easterly’ wind is the winter monsoon occurring from October to December. The Himalayas isolate South Asia from the rest of Asia. The retreat of the monsoon is marked by clear skies and rise in temperature. Retreating monsoon season: Retreating monsoon season lasts from October to November. the easterly jet stream alone exists in the Indian region. The rainfall is a result of the convergence of wind flow from the Bay of Bengal and reverse winds from the South China Sea. Retreating monsoon season is an important topic in geography in the UPSC civil services exam. Trough over Northern Plains becomes weak. the direction of south west monsoon winds and their retreating in india show their entery and lastseen in india by arrow marks - Geography - TopperLearning. December to February – cool and dry winter. The latter extends toward a low-pressure area over the Thar Desert and is roughly three times stronger than the Bay of Bengal branch. May 30, 2017, 10:05 AM IST Monsoon seen retreating late, June deficiency to narrow: Weather office. Indian Monsoons - Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone-Indian Monsoon Mechanism-How Jet Streams affect Indian Monsoons? South-West Monsoons, North-East Monsoons. to southernmost India, Sri Lanka and the neighbouring seas. The southwest monsoon began its retreat on Wednesday, marking the longest-recorded delay in withdrawal of the monsoon season, the India Meteorological Department said, according to PTI. Difference between retreating monsoon and north east monsoon: Retreating monsoon:. Much of India experiences infrequent and relatively feeble precipitation during the retreating monsoon. The south-westerly monsoon winds gradually retreat. Earlier this period was also referred to as "Post-Monsoon Season" or "Retreating southwest Monsoon. According to Central Water Commission data, except in Karnataka and Gujarat, which saw 20 per cent deficit in seasonal rainfall, wate. May 30, 2017, 10:05 AM IST Monsoon seen retreating late, June deficiency to narrow: Weather office. With just three days to go for the official end of India's rainy season, it is now fairly certain that this year's monsoon will end in the below-normal zone. Scherhag in 1948. Monsoon definition, the seasonal wind of the Indian Ocean and southern Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer and from the northeast in winter. According to reports, this month was the driest September in last 17 years — barring the past few days — even as the Southwest Monsoon stretched on for four more. India has hot, wet tropical monsoon climate on account of it. First of all, Southwest monsoon in general is called as Indian monsoon as it covers most parts of the country and Northeast monsoon is called as Retreating monsoon. Sayonara South West Monsoon 2019 05/10/2019 04/10/2019 keaweather 0 Comments Yes, it's time to bid good bye to the famed Indian Summer monsoon (Technically it got over on September 30) and welcome the retreating winds from the North East in due course of time. For many parts of India, this is the only time they receive rainfall. Answer: Southwest monsoon winds are accountable for rainfall along the Malabar Coast. South West Monsoon separates India into two braches: one is the Arabian Sea branch and the other is the Bay of Bengal branch. (ii) The rainfall received by India is largely due to the south-west monsoon winds. The land is still moist. Let us discuss each of them individually COLD WEATHER SEASON It extends from December to February. Monsoon clouds begin retreating from North India by the end of August; it withdraws from Mumbai by 5 October. Ramaswamy, C. Does the south-west monsoon begins to withdraw from the mainland of India. That necessitated the revision," said Rajeevan. Monsoon season brings in most of the rainfall over the Indian subcontinent. The retreating northeast monsoon in the state of Tamil Nadu - usually unnoticed in India owing to the singular importance of the larger southwest monsoon - was the worst-ever this year in last 140. The direction of winds over large parts of the country is influenced by the local pressure conditions. The period October to December is referred to as Northeast Monsoon season over peninsular India. India receives bulk of its rainfall during the Southwest Monsoon season. The monsoon is delayed in central India while retreating late for north-west regions. Monsoon withdraws from the whole of India by the first week of December. An exception to that rule occurs along the southeastern coast of India and for some distance inland. Two monsoon systems prevail over the Indian subcontinent, namely, the summer monsoon-also known as southwest (SW) monsoon, duration of which is June to September and the winter northeast (NE) monsoon (also known as retreating southwest monsoon), duration of which is October to December/January. Vrishabh Samkranti and forecasting trends of south-west monsoon 2016 May 19, 2016 By Sachin Malhotra The almanac or Panchangs made by Hindu astrologers have been giving weather forecast since centuries. When the retreating monsoon (Northeast Monsoon. READ | IMD: India Records Highest Ever Rain In Monsoon Season Since 1994. For Tamil Nadu this is the main rainy season accounting for about 48% of the annual. Monsoon Winds of the Arabian Sea in Indian Subcontinent The Southwest Monsoon season in India starts with the onset of the Southwest Monsoon winds in June and continues till the middle of September. During the Months of October- November, the South West monsoon winds become weaker and start retreating (or withdrawing) from the skies of North India. SOUTH SOUTH WEST WEST MONSOON MONSOON. • The climate of India is monsoon type. While travelling towards the Indian Ocean, the dry cold wind picks up some moisture from the Bay of Bengal and pours it over peninsular India and parts of Sri Lanka. Hence it is know as season of retreating monsoon. There are wide seasonal variations as well as variations between day and night. The southwest monsoon began its retreat on Wednesday, marking the longest-recorded delay in withdrawal of the monsoon season, the India Meteorological Department said, according to PTI. By the end of November, it leaves the country. is called monsoon Burst. Distribution of temperature, rainfall, winds in summer and winter and the factors affecting the climate of the area. Usually it coincides with the month of October and November and sometimes lasts till December. Monsoons cover the whole of India and give heavy rainfall. Winds spill across the Himalayas and flow to the south-west across the country, resulting in clear, sunny skies. The international airport at Kochi,. This is known as the Northeast Monsoon or Retreating Monsoon. And your answer may go on like this- As in the figure above you can see the lines of direction of monsoon going back to Southwestern India. India is known as the “land of the endless growing season“. It is also known as the retreating monsoon because it follows in the wake of the southwest monsoon. The monsoon retreats from the western Rajasthan by the first week of September. However, the luminaries coming into watery navamsha is indicating some rain by the retreating south-west monsoon. India Monsoon Retreating 3839 the country Snowfall SOUTH PACIFIC south to north south-west monsoon Southern Hemisphere summer months. The Retreating southwest Monsoon Season or Northeast Monsoon season showered the peninsular India from the period of October to December. is called monsoon Burst. These winds bring abundant moisture to the subcontinent. Cities like Chennai, which get less rain from. Due to this high air pressure area is created in southern hemisphere and low air pressure area in north and north-west India. Advancing Monsoon – SW monsoon – windward side of Western Ghats receive rain, maximum in NE India – Mawsynram (stalagmite & stalactite caves) – has breaks – wet & dry spells - uncertainties. Due to the peculiar shape of the Indian peninsula, the southwest monsoon winds enter India by bifurcating into two branches -Arabian Sea branch and Bay of Bengal branch. Hence, the bulk of rainfall received by the country is concentrated over a few months. Orographic Rainfall. The IMD says India has just finished a satisfactory northeast monsoon. By the beginning of October, the monsoon withdraws from the Northern Plains. Usually it coincides with the month of October and November and sometimes lasts till December. During September, north-east winds start to gain strength, which then tries to push out the south-west monsoon wind. monsoon which come from north east direction. The frequency at which these depressions visit India, their direction and intensity, all go a long way in determining the rainfall pattern during the south-west monsoon period. HOT WEATHER. The period October to December is referred to as Northeast Monsoon season over peninsular India. Cities like Madras, which get less rain from the Southwest Monsoon, receive rain from this monsoon. The retreating northeast monsoon -- usually unnoticed in India owing to the singular importance of the larger southwest monsoon -- in 2016 was the worst-ever over the last 140 years, according to Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) records, since 1876. On the Predictability of Northeast Monsoon Rainfall over South Peninsular India in General Circulation Models ARCHANA NAIR, 1 NACHIKETA ACHARYA,1 ANKITA SINGH,1 U. They may cause floods in some parts and droughts in other parts. They bring rain from the sea. Distribution of Rainfall in India . according to the India Meteorological Department (IMD). The advent of south-west monsoon is known as advancing monsoon. NEW DELHI (AP) — Torrential monsoon rains have disrupted air and train services in the southern Indian state of Kerala, where flooding, landslides and bridge collapses have killed at least 67 people in the past week, officials said Wednesday. Monsoon withdraws from the whole of India by the first week of December. When the retreating monsoon blows from the northeast across the Bay of Bengal, it picks up a significant amount of moisture,. In October the weather remains humid and warm due to continuing high temperature and moist land in month of October. Though the India Meteorological Department (IMD) and other sources refers to this period as a fourth ("post-monsoon") season, other sources designate only three seasons. The southwest monsoon usually breaks on the west coast early in June and reaches most of South Asia by the first week in July (see fig. Main Characteristics of Retreating Monsoon (i) October and November are the months of retreating monsoon. the easterly jet stream alone exists in the Indian region. The retreating northeast monsoon -- usually unnoticed in India owing to the singular importance of the larger southwest monsoon -- in 2016 was the worst-ever over the last 140 years, according to Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) records, since 1876. This is commonly known as the 'October heat. India Meteorological Department (IMD) said on Thursday the monsoon began retreating from the country on September 24, almost three weeks late, but was still to reach Maharashtra. Thus these winds withdraw earlier from the regions they reached the last. There are wide seasonal variations as well as variations between day and night. Though the south-west monsoon is close to retreating, the city received good rain on Ganesh Chaturthi, recording 49 mm rain in the suburbs in the 24 hours from Wednesday morning to Thursday morning. In India, maximum amount of rainfall is received from. Reason for chunk of rain in Tamil Nadu. Two monsoon systems prevail over the Indian subcontinent: the summer or southwest (SW) monsoon, and the winter or northeast (NE) monsoon (retreating southwest monsoon). The Southwest monsoons start retreating in the first week of September from Pakistan border in Northwest India. South west monsoon winds starts receding during October month Give reason South west monsoon winds starts receding during October month because inertial parts of India increases pressure 5. The south-west monsoon winds weaken and start withdrawing gradually. The season of the retreating monsoon or cool season. Indian Geography describes about the study of lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of geographic India. As a result, there is a drop in the temperature in the Northern hemisphere. The land is still moist. From May to September, the southwest monsoon prevails, but it releases the bulk of the rains in India, while in Sri Lanka, it brings heavy rainfall only on the southwest coast (see Colombo) and in the mountainous area of the interior. The unifying influence of the monsoon on the Indian subcontinent is quite perceptible:(i)The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons. The humidity is high. The Indian peninsula divides the monsoon into two branches. The retreating southwest monsoon season is marked by clear skies and rise in temperature. In the rest of India, many parts will also experience heavy rainfall, such as in the coastal areas and south interior parts of Karnataka, as the southwest monsoon strongly remained over this state. The period October to December is referred to as Northeast Monsoon season over peninsular India. Seasonal Reversal of Wind is the change in wind direction during winters leading to Retreating Monsoon going out of the Indian Peninsula towards the Indian Ocean. EL Nino is a warm ocean current that flows past the Peruvian coast in place of cold Peruvian current every 2 to 5 years. In the second half of October, the mercury begins to fall rapidly, particularly in. The south-west monsoons are uncertain and variable in nature. North East Monsoon in Kerala: Also known as the Retreating Monsoon or the Reverse monsoons, northeast monsoon hits Kerala during the return of the southwest monsoon winds. Southwest monsoon June to September when predominating southwest maritime winds bring rains to most of the country and retreating monsoon during October and November Population and Culture: India with its 1. (v)These winds blow during retreating monsoon season. The retreating monsoon brings rain to coastal Tamil Nadu, Krishna- Godavari delta, region west of Aravallis and to northeast India. Southern Oscillations (ENSO), Indian Ocean Dipole also have a role in helping or disrupting the South-West Monsoon. Due to this high air pressure area is created in southern hemisphere and low air pressure area in north and north-west India. The frequency at which these depressions visit India, their direction and intensity, all go a long way in determining the rainfall pattern during the south-west monsoon period. The Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch. the North-East Monsoon or Retreating Monsoon. 2 BRANCHES OF THE ADVANCING MONSOON. The south-west monsoons are uncertain and variable in nature. † Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to September † Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) October and November COLD WEATHER SEASON OR WINTER During the winter season, cool, dry winds blow from north to the south. The winds coming from the Arabian Sea is laden with moisture is bound to ascend the Western Ghats and condense there. RETREATING RETREATING MONSOON MONSOON. Although the rains have eased across a good part of South Asia, they do remain heavy over Bangladesh, parts of Pakistan, and along the far northeast of India. However, during the autumn, the zone of maximum rainfall migrates to southern most India. action of south west monsoon in india: The southwest monsoon arrives in two branches: the Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea branch. EL Nino is a warm ocean current that flows past the Peruvian coast in place of cold Peruvian current every 2 to 5 years. In Northeast India, these rains can be attributed to the retreating of the Southwest Monsoon season. Ramaswamy, C. Central India, in particular, saw extended heavy rainfall, which initially benefitted the kharif crops but is now a cause of worry. The South-West monsoon becomes a weak current and withdraws fromPunjab by mid- September. During the Indian monsoon season A. Classical Theory or Thermal Concept of Indian Monsoons:. A monsoon may be associated with dry weather as well as wet weather, since the “wet” monsoon phase of warm, moist air is seasonally replaced by a “dry” monsoon of cool, dry air. The retreating southwest monsoon continues to spark fairly widespread rainfall over many parts of peninsular India, an India Meteorological Department (IMD) update said. The variation of the SCSSM onset time has a broad impact on the East Asian weather and climate in boreal summer (Nitta 1987 ; Lin et al. The frequency at which these depressions visit India, their direction and intensity, all go a long way in determining the rainfall pattern during the south-west monsoon period. There are wide seasonal variations as well as variations between day and night. The retreating monsoon season - The months of October and November are known for retreating monsoons. As a result, the monsoon decreases in intensity. Due to retreat of the monsoon, this season is also called the season of retreating monsoon. Reuters India covers Indian Monsoon updates, monsoon news, rains, rainfall reports, temperatures and forecasts of this Monsoon Season in India and impact of Monsoons on Indian Economy. The monsoon is the lifeblood for India’s farm-dependent $2 trillion economy, as at least half the farmlands are rain-fed. The retreating northeast monsoon -- usually unnoticed in India owing to the singular importance of the larger southwest monsoon -- in 2016 was the worst-ever over the last 140 years, according to Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) records, since 1876. 0 Introduction: Over major parts of the Indian subcontinent, the southwest summer monsoon period (June to September) is the principal rainy season. Parts of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat have been battling water logging and floods. The two monsoon periods are divided by the change of temperature, due to solar action' upon the earth's surface, into two separate seasons; and thus the Indian year may be divided into four seasons: the cold season, including the months of January and February; the hot season, comprising the months of March, April and May; the south-west monsoon period, including the months of June, July. The year that just went by witnessed the rare meteorological coincidence of the northeast (winter) monsoon making its onset on the same day as the southwest monsoon withdrew officially. Earlier this period was also referred to as "Post-Monsoon Season" or "Retreating southwest Monsoon Season". The monsoon retreats from the western Rajasthan by the first week of September. And your answer may go on like this- As in the figure above you can see the lines of direction of monsoon going back to Southwestern India. Download the Notes of :3-indian-monsoon-season-and-their-features1 Fill In the Blanks : India has TROPICAL India is situated in the TROPICAL and TEMPERATE Summer season is from MARCH TO MAY. The onset of the north-east monsoon and withdrawal of the south-west monsoon takes place approximately at the same time, which is why it is also known as the retreating monsoon. The Southwest Monsoon winds are rain-bearing strong winds and blow at an average speed of 30 km per hour. "The rains have retreated from some parts of Jharkhand. Cities like Madras, which get less rain from the Southwest Monsoon, receives rain from this Monsoon. India is a country in South Asia. • In common parlance, a reference to the "monsoon" usually means the southwest summer monsoon. Factors Influencing South-West Monsoon Formation The differential heating and cooling of land and water creates a low pressure on the landmass of India while the seas around experience comparatively high pressure. During these months S. Coastal Andhra Pradesh. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has an official southwest monsoon withdrawal date of September 1, with the rains retreating from the northwest state of Rajasthan. India is a country in South Asia. Summer Northeast monsoon Southwest monsoon Arabia Indi Arabia India Africa Warm O rising air Africa Equator Equator Intertropical convergence zone. like the southwest monsoon. The features of advancing monsoon season are: The low-pressure condition over the northern plains intensifies at this time. The direction of winds over large parts of the country is influenced by the local pressure conditions. Due to this high temperature and humidity, the weather becomes oppressive. Understand. Reason for chunk of rain in Tamil Nadu. receive rain during the South-West Monsoon. It includes rice, jowar, maize, moong, bajra, cotton, groundnut, jute. The city is now gearing up for the onset of the northeast monsoon that is expected to begin in less than a week. The monsoon getaways start with the southwest monsoon from the month of June through September and the northeast or retreating monsoon of October and November. The humidity is high. While travelling towards the Indian Ocean, the dry cold wind picks up some moisture from the Bay of Bengal and pours it over peninsular India and parts of Sri Lanka. The retreating monsoon season :- The months of October and November are known for retreating monsoons. In eastern Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Indian Ocean region, the term 'monsoon' refers to two (2) regular periods of northeast and southwest winds. The Himalayas isolate South Asia from the rest of Asia. Monsoon season brings in most of the rainfall over the Indian subcontinent. The city is now gearing up for the onset of the northeast monsoon that is expected to begin in less than a week. North East Monsoon. Reason for chunk of rain in Tamil Nadu. Indian monsoon, the most prominent of the world's monsoon systems, which primarily affects India and its surrounding water bodies. The retreating monsoon brings rain to coastal Tamil Nadu, Krishna- Godavari delta, region west of Aravallis and to northeast India. Orographic Rainfall. During the retreating monsoon, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Kerala, Tamil Nadu receive more rainfall. The normal date of onset in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 20th May, while in Kerala it is 1st June every year. The Southwest, or Advancing, Monsoon is the larger of the two. It is well known that the SW monsoon sets in over Kerala, the southern tip of the Indian land mass, by about 1 June and covers the en-tire country by about 15 July. In common vocabulary, a reference to the monsoon usually means the southwest summer monsoon. When the retreating monsoon blows from the northeast across the Bay of Bengal, it picks up a significant amount of moisture, which is subsequently released after moving back onto the peninsula. In the rest of India, many parts will also experience heavy rainfall, such as in the coastal areas and south interior parts of Karnataka, as the southwest monsoon strongly remained over this state. There are regional variations in the length of period. The beginning of the post-monsoon season in this year 2004, in a way behaved complimentary to the southwest monsoon season, in terms of rainfall. NEW DELHI (AP) — Torrential monsoon rains have disrupted air and train services in the southern Indian state of Kerala, where flooding, landslides and bridge collapses have killed at least 67 people in the past week, officials said Wednesday. Southwest and Northeast part of India receives most of the rainfall during the advancing monsoon. Monsoons cover the whole of India and give heavy rainfall. During these months S. North east Monsoon A. This will show you how Indian Monsoon is formed. The period October to December is referred to as Northeast Monsoon season over peninsular India. This site covers almost all Facts about India. The variation of the SCSSM onset time has a broad impact on the East Asian weather and climate in boreal summer (Nitta 1987 ; Lin et al. Thus these winds withdraw earlier from the regions they reached the last. but soon as the temperature in the northern part of India rises,a low pressure trough is created which is no longer strong enough for the south west monsoon. The methodical withdrawal of the south west monsoon from the Indian sub-continent is called retreating monsoon or retreating south-west monsoon. The extended monsoon has left a trail of devastation and the death toll has reached more. The south-west monsoons are uncertain and variable in nature. The retreating eastern branch of South west monsoon brings cyclones to the land. The Arabian Sea Branch of the Southwest Monsoon first hits the Western Ghats of the coastal state of Kerala, India, thus making this area the first state in India to receive rain from the. is called monsoon Burst. cold season, hot season, southwest monsoon and retreating monsoon. With the exception of J & K and Parts of Tamil Nadu, most of the country receives heavy rainfall. The ongoing monsoon in India has lead to 32 fatalities (13 in West Bengal, 11 in Kerala, 4 in Odisha, 4 in Maharashtra) between 12-15 August, according to national authorities. monsoon which come from north east direction. North East monsoon is the weak rain bearing seasonal winds that flow when the South West monsoon retreats from the Indian mainland. Rain-bearing Systems and Rainfall Distribution 1. The northeast monsoon is mostly dry. The normal date of onset in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 20th May, while in Kerala it is 1st June every year. As the moisture-bearing winds of the Bay of Bengal branch of the southwest monsoon move further and further inland, they exhaust most of the moisture they carry along with them. The South-West monsoon becomes a weak current and withdraws fromPunjab by mid- September. The onset of southwest monsoon over Kerala, India signals the arrival of monsoon over the Indian subcontinent and represents beginning of rainy season over this region. 5 Examine the role of monsoon in India economy? Ans. The months of October and November are known as retreating monsoons season. There are variations of temperature and rainfall conditions across the whole country, and seasonal variations are markedly noted over the landmass. Much of India experiences infrequent and relatively feeble precipitation during the retreating monsoon. Factors Influencing South-West Monsoon Formation The differential heating and cooling of land and water creates a low pressure on the landmass of India while the seas around experience comparatively high pressure. When the monsoons fail, there is drought, and the crops also fail. The cold-weather season or winter prevails in the month of December, January and February. His investigation mainly focussed attention on the broad-scalecloud features in relation to tho low-level wind field. Vedika Narvekar The south-west monsoon that unleashed its fury in late July has been relentless ever since. This is known as the North-East Monsoon or Retreating Monsoon. The low pressure existing over the Indian sub-continent is gradually replaced by high pressure. • Climate is about the average weather condition which has been measured over many years. Cities like Chennai, which get less rain from. Thus these winds withdraw earlier from the regions they reached the last. Tracking the Monsoon across India Track and measure progress of the southwest monsoon and of the withdrawing monsoon with this data and chart intensive section of the website of the Indian Meterological Department e. South-West Monsoon North-East Monsoon (i)These monsoon winds blow northward from the Arabian sea and the Bay of Bengal. This causes the cold wind to sweep down from the Himalayas and Indo-Gangetic Plain towards the vast spans of the Indian Ocean south of the Deccan peninsula. Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari at a celebration ceremony for Democracy Day, in Abuja, Nigeria, June 12, 2019. This process brings large. The period October to December is referred to as Northeast Monsoon season over peninsular India. according to the India Meteorological Department (IMD). • Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to September • Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) October and Novembe COLD WEATHER SEASON OR WINTER. The Retreating southwest Monsoon Season or Northeast Monsoon season showered the peninsular India from the period of October to December. Season of Retreating Monsoon. (iv) Season of retreating south-west monsoon (October - November) India situated in Northern hemisphere, the tropic of cancer passes through the middle part of the country. However, during the autumn, the zone of maximum rainfall migrates to southern most India. Spread over October till December, this retreating monsoon brings rainfall over Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. They leave the whole country by early November. The retreating eastern branch of South west monsoon brings cyclones to the land. As a result,the monsoon starts leaving or retreating. The Retreating Southwest Monsoon Season. During this period, rainfall is experienced over Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh, along with some parts of Telangana and Karnataka. (d) Temperature of Northern Plain ranges from 10 o to 50 o C and of southern India from 24 o to 25 o C. It blows from the northeast during cooler months and reverses direction to blow from the southwest during the warmest months of the year. The monsoon getaways start with the southwest monsoon from the month of June through September and the northeast or retreating monsoon of October and November. Cities like Chennai, which get less rain from the South-West Monsoon, receives rain from the Retreating Monsoon. During these months S. Retreating Monsoons : By the end of October, because of the Wide-spread South-West Monsoon rains, there is a decrease in the temperature. The sun rays do not fall directly in the region as a result, the temperatures are quite low in northern India. Findlater Jetstream from the coast of Somalia towards Indian Peninsula strengthen the Monsoon winds. The Southwest monsoon has finally begun its withdrawal this year. The volume of rain is less and there are a few more days without rain. Southwest and Northeast part of India receives most of the rainfall during the advancing monsoon. During the post-monsoon or autumn months of October to December, a different monsoon cycle, the northeast (or "retreating") monsoon, brings dry, cool, and dense air masses to large parts of India. During this period, the monsoon trough over the northern plains becomes weaker. (iv) Season of retreating south-west monsoon (October - November) India situated in Northern hemisphere, the tropic of cancer passes through the middle part of the country. • In common parlance, a reference to the "monsoon" usually means the southwest summer monsoon. It marks transitional weather conditions between hot-wet and cool-dry weather. Retreating monsoon is also known as Northeast Monsoon. The southwest monsoon begins retreating in August. The methodical withdrawal of the south west monsoon from the Indian sub-continent is called retreating monsoon or retreating south-west monsoon. They leave the whole country by early November. As a result, there is a drop in the temperature in the Northern hemisphere. Hit by shortages from both monsoons, Tamil Nadu, where the winter crop depends more on northeast monsoon than in any other Indian state, reported a 33 per cent drop. By the end of November, it has left the country. With the Southwest Monsoon hurrying across over entire India except western Rajasthan, the weather department has predicted heavy rainfall in several states on Friday. The south-west monsoon winds weaken and start withdrawing gradually. Unlike south-west monsoon, the onset of the north monsoon is not clearly defined. Since this happens in mid-summer, and also the winds give a large quantity of rainfall, they are referred as "Indian Summer Monsoon". This is the season of the retreating monsoons. Retreating Monsoon: During October and November, the South West monsoon winds become weaker and start retreating from the by clear skies and the increase in mercury northern plains. The CM urged secretaries of various departments to coordinate to ensure prevention of loss of life and property. Hence, the bulk of rainfall received by the country is concentrated over a few months. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has an official southwest monsoon withdrawal date of September 1, with the rains retreating from the northwest state of Rajasthan. Southern Oscillations (ENSO), Indian Ocean Dipole also have a role in helping or disrupting the South-West Monsoon. The retreating monsoon brings rain to coastal Tamil Nadu, Krishna- Godavari delta, region west of Aravallis and to northeast India. Project Report / Essay on "Monsoon in India" INDIA'S Monsoon. Unprecedented heavy retreating monsoon rains, in an otherwise dry September, have raised concerns over damage to paddy, cotton and soy crops, especially in parts of north India. For Tamil Nadu this is the main rainy season accounting for about 48% of the annual. Kerala receives a good amount of rain in October as the retreating monsoon from the northeast (the second monsoon hitting India every year) arrives. Earlier this period was also referred to as "Post- Monsoon Season" or "Retreating southwest Monsoon Season". India receives bulk of its rainfall during the Southwest Monsoon season. During this season, the sun rays do not fall directly on India. Southwest monsoon winds are responsible for monsoon in India and the easterly jet stream warms the Indian peninsula creating a low pressure area and there is high pressure are over Indian ocean. Southwest monsoon c. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) recognises October to December as the time for the northeast monsoon. [CBSE 2011] Answer: The main features of the Retreating Monsoon season in India are: (a) During October-November the monsoon trough becomes weaker. The advent of south-west monsoon is known as advancing monsoon. Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation. Vertical sun rays shift towards southern hemisphere. The Southwest monsoon has finally begun its withdrawal this year.  When the monsoons fails, there is drought, and the crops also fail and when the monsoon is heavy, there are floods causing destruction to life and property. ANS: India has a monsoon type of climate because :-i)It is strongly governed by the monsoon winds. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during the year in the country. · South West Monsoon Season is also known as hot-wet season or The Wet Season. The most recently affected area is the state of Bihar in eastern India. action of south west monsoon in india: The southwest monsoon arrives in two branches: the Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea branch. According to local media, floods this year have displaced or injured at least 2. The differences between the South-West Monsoon and Retreating Monsoon : South-West Monsoon. There are wide seasonal variations as well as variations between day and night. SOUTH SOUTH WEST WEST MONSOON MONSOON. The methodical withdrawal of the south west monsoon from the Indian sub-continent is called retreating monsoon or retreating south-west monsoon. (c) Retreating monsoon (d) Southwest monsoon. However temperature is still high above 33°C in Delhi. 4- What causes rainfall in West Bengal during the hot weather season? a. In the first half of the south-west monsoon.